Lesson Three begins with the kingdom of David. When David dies his kingdom was passed along to King Solomon. I Kings 2: 1-4
Solomon asked God for wisdom and because he did God said Solomon's faithfulness ensured an heir of David would always sit on the throne of Israel. I Kings 3: 10 - 14
Solomon however made a number of mistakes as king that brought disaster to Israel. He taxed the peoeple heavily to support his many building projects. Solomon indentured citizens as his private workers. He built a Temple to God and then built a palace for himself that was larger than the Temple. What really got him in trouble was buiding temples to the gods his many wives worshipped and then worshipping with them. God let Solomon know he would be king throughout his life but his sons would not be king.
When Solomon died his son Rehoboam did not listen to the seasoned advisors The kingdom split between Israel and the 11 tribes in the north and Judah with one tribe in the southern kingdom. I Kings 12: 1-5; 12-14; 20.
This split opened the land up to the Egyptian empire in the south and the northern empires is Assyria and Babylong for attack. Israel was desired land because every caravan and trade route went through the land, This meant owning the land meant collecting the tolls that guaranteed safe passage.
Both Israel and Judah made mistakes worshipping foreign gods, treating refugess badly and not caring for the least among them. Israel in the north fell to the Assyrian Empire in 722 BCE. Judah was overrun by the Babylonian Empire which conquered Assyria in 587 BCE. The richest, educated, landowner and poweful were taken, 100,000 people in all, to be prisoners in Babylon.
God sent prophets to give the people